George Santayana, the Spanish philosopher, once said: “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. “From the physical chains of slavery to the mental shackles of shame, the heavy weight of oppression is way too much a burden for mankind to continue struggling with. Historically, the use of shackles in slave markets always been one of the most shocking aspects of slave trade. In current times, being chained to the mistakes of the past, people continue to be judged by their previous missteps. In “Chained to the Past” angels fly high above the figures who have their backs to the audience. These holy messengers are here to deliver sought after guidance that transcends through the daily distractions to those looking for salvation. The glowing yellow light that encompasses the whole painting radiates an indication of a sacred place where transformation is granted. From bloodied torsos to angelic leaders, the figures align with aspirations of redemption.